Yale has a deep history of fostering expressive activity. As an academic institution dedicated to free inquiry and the search for truth, the university is committed to free expression. Recently around the country, we have seen demonstrations become disruptive and even violent. These guidelines summarize university policies, provide relevant information to students, and are intended to promote the exercise of free expression and the safety and security of all members of the university community.
Yale is committed to fostering an environment that values the free expression of ideas. In 1975, Yale adopted the Report of the Committee on Freedom of Expression at Yale (the Woodward Report ) as providing the standard for university policy. This guidance addresses the university’s freedom of expression policy as applied in a variety of situations.
All Yale students are generally free to express their views, and free expression may take many forms, including the right to peaceful dissent, protests in peaceable assembly and orderly demonstrations, and the use of signs, banners, and posters. The following are examples of such expression:
- Signs or boards worn on the body
- Distribution of leaflets or pamphlets
- Groups of people peaceably assembling or spectating (provided they do not block access to an event or university function, and the gathering does not involve trespassing).
The exercise of free expression on campus is subject to three general conditions: 1) access to a university event or facility may not be blocked; 2) a university event, activity, or its regular or essential operations may not be disrupted; and 3) safety may not be compromised. Permission to host events or speakers is subject to specific approval.
When Yale or its members host outside speakers, they are also generally free to express their views, even if unpopular or controversial. Dissenting members of the community may protest and express disagreement, but they may not interfere with a speaker’s ability to speak or attendees’ ability to attend, listen and hear.
The following constitute examples of conduct that disrupts or interferes with university events or operations, blocks access to university facilities, restricts others’ ability to listen or be heard, or creates safety concerns, and is therefore not permitted:
- Holding up signs in a manner that obstructs the view of those attempting to watch an event or speaker, regardless of the message expressed
- Speaking from a bullhorn, shouting, or playing amplified music or noise from audio sources in a manner that interferes with speakers’ ability to be heard and of community members to listen, or disrupts or interferes with classes or other university activities
- Standing up in an assembly in a way that obstructs the view of those attempting to watch an event or speaker and/or blocking the aisles or routes of egress
- Sitting in or otherwise occupying a building in a way that blocks access or otherwise interferes with university events or operations
- Trespassing and/or remaining in buildings or other spaces after hours when they are otherwise closed to the Yale community, or in a way that compromises safety
- Acting in ways that compromise the safety or bodily integrity of oneself or others
- Engaging in activities that are illegal or are prohibited in School or College regulations or policies
Procedures Regarding Use of Spaces for Free Expression
A number of outdoor and other spaces on campus can be available for assembly and other forms of free expression. In order to provide for the coordinated and safe use of these spaces, all students must seek and obtain permission to use a space in advance. Those spaces, and the offices and entities to contact to request permission to use them, are listed below:
High Street between Grove and Elm
Wall Street between College and York
Contact: President’s Office
Library walk, between JE and Branford Colleges
Crescent between Morse and Stiles, facing Payne Whitney Gymnasium
Grassy area on Tower Parkway outside the Swing Space
Contact: Yale College
Properties Managed by Facilities or University Properties
Contact: University Policies or Facilities
Graduate and Professional Schools
Courtyards, lawns, or other spaces in the schools
Contact: Dean’s Office of the respective schools
Designated spaces including courtyards
Contact: Head of College
Other University Spaces not Listed Here
Contact: President’s Office
City of New Haven
Use of city streets for marches or other activities
Contact: New Haven Chief Administrator’s Office
Use of parks, the Green, or other outdoor areas
Contact: New Haven Parks and Recreation
Demonstrations and counter-demonstrations have in some instances escalated to unacceptable and reprehensible acts of violence. Organizers of and participants in demonstrations must be aware that certain individuals or groups may purposefully attempt to incite disruptions or violence in what would otherwise be peaceable and civil protests. Organizers and participants are urged to engage in careful planning for contingencies, to utilize university resources in such planning, and to maintain situational awareness during a demonstration in order to address changing or unexpected circumstances. University resources to assist in the organization of events, the planning for contingencies and providing safety information are available.
Political Campaign Activity
The university encourages students to engage in the political process for the sake of contributing to civic debate and to enhance their education. However, because federal law prohibits tax-exempt educational institutions from participating in campaigns on behalf of, or in opposition to, any candidate for public office, the university has issued political campaign activity guidelines to the community. Students wishing to participate in political campaign activity should refer to the published guidelines and related FAQs.